Latin name: Aegle marmelos (Linn.) Correa. ex Roxb.
Sanskrit/Indian name: Bilva, Shivaphala, Bel
Bael Tree is considered sacred in India, Malaysia and Indonesia. The fruit, which is widely used to treat diarrhea, dysentery and gastrointestinal disorders, has digestive and carminative properties. It helps heal ulcerated intestinal surfaces. It possesses antiviral, anthelmintic and anti-inflammatory properties as well. The herb also has antispasmodic properties that ensure optimum gut function.
Therapeutic constituents:The alcoholic extract of the seeds shows anti-allergic activity. The fruit, rind and leaves have a high tannin content. Tannins help heal ulcers by forming a coating on the stomach mucosa.
Key therapeutic benefits:
- Its high tannin content makes Bael an effective treatment for dysentery and cholera.
- The bark decoction of the tree is administered in cases of malaria, while the leaves are used in jaundice.
- Marmin, a coumarin isolated from the roots has anti-inflammatory properties, which makes Bael fruit ideal for treating inflammation.