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Latin name: Didymocarpus pedicellata (Ait.) Ait. F. (Asclepiadaceae)

Sanskrit/Indian name: Shilapushpa

General information:

Didymocarpus pedicellata, is a small herb with a reduced stem, bearing two to three pairs of opposite, roundly ovate, glabrous, highly folded leaves that are three to six inches in diameter. The herb mostly grows in the subtropical Himalayas at altitudes of 2,500 to 5,500 meters. It is widely used in Ayurveda for the treatment of renal afflictions.

Therapeutic constituents:

The main constituents of Didymocarpus pedicellata are polyterpenes (didymocarpene, didymocarpol, didymocarpenol) and polyphenols (didymocarpin, isodidymocarpin, pedicin, pedicellin, methylpedicin, pediflavone and chalcones). The polyterpenes, flavanones and chalcones are said to contribute towards the herb's antimicrobial property. The nephroprotective activity of the plant is attributed to its polyphenolic compounds.

Key therapeutic benefits:

  • The herb is known for its antilithiatic property, which prevents the formation of urinary stones.
  • As a lithotriptic, it helps dissolve kidney stones.
  • It is also known for its antimicrobial property.

Used in Cystone